Data Display and Organization

Time Value Map

Description

Time value maps provide a visual representation of time in a process, demonstrating whether the time is value-added (VA) or non-value-added (NVA).

Tree Diagram

Description

A tree diagram breaks down one broad topic into increasing levels of granularity. It is a step-by-step process from general to specific.

Value Stream Mapping

Description

Value stream mapping (VSM) is a method of improvement that allows an entire process to be visualized. It represents the flow of both materials and information in an attempt to improve a process by finding sources of waste. The technique identifies all actions necessary to bring a product or service to customers.

Value-Added Analysis

Description

Value-added analysis is a method for identifying problems within a process. The analysis allows a team to examine individual process steps so it can separate the steps that add value for the user from the steps that do not.

Affinity Diagram

Description

Affinity diagrams help to unify large amounts of data by finding relationships between concepts or ideas. They allow you to organize facts, opinions, and issues into taxonomies in order to help diagnose complex problems and identify common issues.

Flowchart

Description

Flowcharts visually convey the the steps in a process.

Balanced Scorecard

Description

A balanced scorecard provides a way to look at an organization from four perspectives by developing benchmarks and collecting and analyzing data relative to those perspectives. The four perspectives are:
1) financial,
2) customer,
3) internal business processes, and
4) learning and innovation.

Box and Whisker Plot

Description

A box and whisker plot is a graphical means of displaying the variation in a dataset. This plot provides more detail than a histogram and allows multiple sets of data to be displayed in the same graph.

Cause-and-Effect Diagram

Description

Cause-and-effect diagrams provide a visual means of conveying all suspected and possible causes and consequences of a specific problem.

Checklist

Description

A checklist is a form that is used for quickly and easily recording data or identifying actions or requirements. It is usually easy to extract data in a useful manner from a checklist. It is particularly effective at registering the occurrence of incidents, events, tasks, or problems.