Project Planning and Management

Allocation of Function Analysis

Description

An allocation of function analysis is used during design to determine how to allocate jobs, tasks, functions, and responsibilities for the system under analysis. During the analysis, each task must be considered, weighing the advantages and disadvantages of the task being performed by a person or a machine. The technique is especially useful for analyzing system automation.

Balanced Scorecard

Description

A balanced scorecard provides a way to look at an organization from four perspectives by developing benchmarks and collecting and analyzing data relative to those perspectives. The four perspectives are:
1) financial,
2) customer,
3) internal business processes, and
4) learning and innovation.

Benefits and Barriers Exercise

Description

A benefits and barriers exercise helps illuminate the benefits of a change proposal. It promotes buy-in to change on a group and individual level. It also identifies obstacles to change so they can be addressed during design.

Comms Usage Diagram

Description

A comms usage diagram (CUD) displays how teams in different geographical areas collaborate across their respective locations. The diagram also includes information about how and why the communication occurs, the specific technology being used, and the pros and cons of using that technology.

Critical Path Method

Description

The critical path method (CPM) allows you to calculate the "critical path" of a project by showing the necessary order of tasks, the ideal project schedule, and possible problems with resources and scheduling and their corresponding solutions. It highlights the crucial stages where delays can hinder the project or where extra resources can accelerate the project.

Gantt Chart

Description

A Gantt chart is used to outline the plan for and show the progress of a project. It has the format of a bar chart and depicts the various subdivided phases or tasks that must be completed for a project to be finished, and when in the project timeline the phases or tasks need to occur. It is shaded to show progress on which tasks have been completed. It can also show the teams or individuals responsible for completing each task.

Program Evaluation and Review Technique Chart

Description

Program evaluation and review technique (PERT) charts are useful when managing a project. It is used to streamline project planning and scheduling. The method is particularly useful when time is the critical factor in the project and when the details of each project task or phase are not necessarily known.

Relations Diagram

Description

A relations diagram is used for identifying cause-and-effect relationships when evaluating problems that are especially confusing or complicated. When a network of these relationships is present in a problem, the relations diagram becomes especially useful because it allows one to visualize the relationships. The process of creating the diagram can also give a group insight into different elements of a complex situation.

Strategic Planning

Description

Strategic planning is a method for organizing, identifying, and prioritizing apects that need committed resources and action, set targets, and measured achievement over a specified time period.

Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats Analysis

Description

A strength, weakness, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis is a strategic technique used to identify elements of strength, weakness, opportunity, and threats. The analysis is done to make an organization aware of forces that could affect it in the future, improving decisionmaking and preparedness.