2022 Research Stories
Tools like ASPIRE that integrate fall prevention clinical decision support and patient resources may better support patient self-care and adoption of evidence-based recommendations.
Closing the Communication Gap Between Prescribers and Pharmacists to Decrease Medication Safety Risks
Implementing CancelRx, an e-prescribing tool to electronically communicate medication discontinuation orders between electronic health records and pharmacies, showed an immediate and persistent reduction in prescriptions that were dispensed after discontinuation.
Using the clinical decision support system Enhancing Quality of Prescribing Practices for Older Adults Discharged from the Emergency Department significantly reduces the prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications in the emergency department setting.
Previous Research Stories
Choosing What Clinicians See in an Electronic Health Record Can Reduce Cognitive Burden and Improve Decision Making
Giving clinicians the ability to customize the patient electronic health record display reduces cognitive burden, saves time, and supports decision making in busy clinical environments.
Understanding of the cognitive process of pediatric care teams advances knowledge of design elements for digital healthcare solutions that support these teams, essential to increasing team coordination and improving patient safety.
Designing Intelligent Systems to Support Cognitive Work of Clinical Providers in Emergency Departments
The use of cognitive engineering systems methodology helps to better understand the interactions of the cognitive and workflow processes of frontline emergency medicine providers by affording new strategies for the design of health information technology (IT) solutions. These strategies not only strive to improve the effectiveness of clinical work in high-intensity medical environments, but also provide a guide to improve health IT implementations in the future.
Analysis of patient safety event reports showed an association between electronic health record (EHR) usability and patient safety in both adults and children and led to development of an EHR assessment tool that healthcare facilities can use to identify usability and safety issues.
The use of an emergency department referral infrastructure including an electronic assessment of patients’ social needs (e.g., transportation, food, and housing assistance) can facilitate referrals for those in need and monitor population health post-discharge, which shows the potential of such infrastructure to improve health outcomes and reduce inappropriate emergency department usage.
Translating hypertension guidelines into a patient-facing clinical decision support tool can engage patients in blood pressure management.
By characterizing common patterns in information availability, information use, and care planning by primary care providers during patient visits for chronic pain, researchers created new electronic health record-based decision support tools to guide clinicians’ perceptions and judgments of noncancer pain to increase use of guideline-based patient assessment and treatment.
A clinical decision support tool helps patients and physicians use at-home measured blood pressure data to better understand hypertension control and inform shared treatment decisions.